Glossary

Here are some common words that are used in cardiac Management which is very useful to understand in the layman's terms.

A
ACE inhibitor (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor)
A type of heart drug used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure.

Aneurysm
A bulging out of the muscular wall of a blood vessel or heart chamber, due to weakness of the wall resulting from disease or injury

Angina
Chest discomfort or pain resulting from an inadequate supply of blood and oxygen to the heart muscle; also called "angina pectoris."

Angioplasty
A procedure used to dilate the coronary arteries at the sites where they have become narrowed by plaque build up; also called "percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty" or "PTCA"

Aorta
Main artery in the body that carries blood away from the left ventricle

Aortic valve
The heart valve between the left ventricle and the aorta.

Arrhythmia
Irregularity of the heartbeat

Arteries
Blood vessels that transport blood away from the heart to the rest of the body; arteries transport oxygenated blood (with the exception of the pulmonary artery).

Atherosclerosis
Buildup of fatty deposits (plaques) on the inner walls of the coronary or other arteries, resulting in obstruction of the normal flow of food.


B
Beta-blocker
A type of heart drug used to treat angina, high blood pressure, and other heart disorders.

Blood pressure
The force that blood exerts against the walls of the arteries when it is pumped out of the left ventricle to the rest of the body; the systolic blood pressure reflects the highest and the diastolic blood pressure the lowest amount of pressure in the arteries at any given time.

Bypass surgery
A surgical technique by which blood is detoured around a blocked coronary atery with use of a vein or an artery from another part of the body.

<A - B> <C - E> <F- M> <N -S> <T- Z>