Glossary

Here are some common words that are used in cardiac Management which is very useful to understand in the layman's terms.

C
CAD (Coronary artery disease)

A progressive disease resulting from the narrowing of the coronary arteries and resultant lack of an adequate oxygen supply to the heart muscle.

Calcium antagonists (calcium blockers)
A type of heart drug used to treat coronary spasm, angina, high blood pressure, and other heat disorders; also called " calcium channel blockers'

Cardiac
Related to the heart

Cardiac rehabilitation
The sum of activities requires to ensure cardiac patients the best possible physical, mental and social conditions so that they may by their own efforts regain as normal as possible a place in the community and lead an active, productive life.

Cardiogenic shock
A severe from of heart failure, manifested by a failing systolic blood pressure and an inadequate blood supply to many parts of the body.

Catheter
A thin plastic tube that can be inserted into an artery and then directed towards the heart for the purpose of assessing the functioning of the heart.

Catheterization
Procedure during which a catheter is inserted into an artery and directed towards the heart for the purpose of assessing the functioning of the heart.

Coronary angiography
A diagnostic X-ray technique that involves the injection of radiopaque dye (or contrast) into the coronary arteries and left ventricle.

Coronary artery spasm
Spasm that supply the heart muscular walls of a coronary artery the clamps of the lumen of the coronary artery.


D
Diastole
In each heartbeat, the period during which the heart muscle relaxes and the chambers fill with blood.

E
Echocardiogram
A "picture" of the heart taken by bouncing sound waves off the heart muscle and valves.

Ejection fraction
Percentages of blood in the left ventricle that is pumped out, or "ejected", during each heartbeat.

Electrocardiogram
Tracing on special graph paper that records the heart's electrical activity; also called on " ECG" or " EKG".

<A - B> <C - E> <F- M> <N -S> <T- Z>