Mal J Nutr 23(1):81 - 93, 2017

Effect of Nutrition Intervention on Macronutrient and Micronutrient Intake in a Group of Sleeve Gastrectomy Patients
Abu Jadayil SM1, Takruri HR2* & Obeidat FW3


ABSTRACT

Introduction: There are several approaches to treat obesity including surgery in case of morbid obesity. The number of bariatric surgery patients has increased in Jordan, but in most cases there is a lack of proper nutrition intervention, monitoring, and follow up of patients. Our aim in this study was to assess the intakes of energy, macronutrients and certain micronutrients after 3 and 6 months post-operatively.
Methods: A conventional sample of 50 patients from Jordan University Hospital participated in the study; 25 in the intervention group, and 25 in the control group. The intervention group patients were counseled regarding the use of an adequate low caloric balanced diet, post-operatively. Dietary assessment based on 3-day food intakes was carried out among all the participants before surgery and 3 and 6 months post-operatively.
Results: There were no significant differences between the control and the intervention groups in the intakes of macronutrients and selected micronutrients (calcium, iron, zinc, B12 and folic acid) after 3 months postoperatively. However, there were significant increases (P< 0.05) in the intakes of protein, iron, zinc, and folate in the intervention group compared with the control group after 6 months post-operatively.
Conclusion: Nutrition intervention enhanced the intake of some nutrients, especially protein intake.

Keywords: Bariatric surgery, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, macronutrients and micronutrients, nutrition intervention, obesity

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