March 1997, Volume 3 No. 1

ARTICLE 6

Anaemia during pregnancy in rural Kelantan.

Zulkifli Ahmad1, Rogayah Jaafar1, M Hashim Mohd Hassan1, Mohd Shukri Othman1, Azmi Hashim2
1 School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kota Bharu, Kelantan
2 Department of Health, Kelantan.

ABSTRACT
A retrospective study of anaemia in pregnancy in rural Kelantan was conducted. The study sample consist of 9,860 mothers who had antenatal care at one of the 102 rural health clinics selected and had delivered a live baby. Anaemia in pregnancy was determined by reviewing the antenatal records for the haemoglobin level recorded at the first and last antenatal visit. Estimation of haemoglobin was done either by photocalorimetric methods or the Sahliís method in these rural clinics. At the time of booking, 47.5% of the mothers were anaemic by WHO criteria (Hb < 11.0 g/dl), with 1.9% having less than 9.0 g/dl. Age of mother, parity and late gestational age at the first antenatal visit were associated with anaemia during pregnancy at the time of booking. However, practise of contraception by the mother did not show any association with anaemia in pregnancy. There were 594 mothers (6.0%) who delivered a baby weighing less than 2.5 kg. There was no association between the low birth weight of the child and the status of anaemia in the mother at the last antenatal visit.

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